According to Wikipedia.org - A Macrobiotic diet (or Macrobiotics), from the Greek "macro" (large, long) and "bios" (life), is a dietary regimen that involves eating grains as a staple food supplemented with other local foodstuffs such as vegetables and beans, and avoiding the use of highly processed or refined foods. Macrobiotics also address the manner of eating, by recommending against overeating, and requiring that food be chewed thoroughly before swallowing.
And to add to this is this amazing website, "Macrobiotics is the practical application of the natural laws of change... It is a tool that allows one to learn to live within the natural order of life, the constantly changing nature of all things."
And from this website:
That macrobiotics is a practice designed to help humans get back in touch with their natural instincts so that they follow those and live healthy and happy lives as a result -- and that those instincts were given to us when we were created rather than invented by a human.
History of macrobiotics:
Macrobiotics itself could be defined as a system of balance aimed at promoting health and happiness, based largely on yin and yang, and most widely known for its application to food. Macrobiotics emphasizes natural, whole, locally grown plant foods.
Although the Macrobiotic diet (or better said "Macrobiotic lifestyle") would be largely vegetarian, it also sometimes contains fish.
Here's a great article by Herman Aihara, a macrobiotic teacher, about the history of macrobiotics.
In his essay written in 400 BC Airs, Waters, and Places, Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, "introduced the word to describe people who were healthy and long-lived."
One of my favorite quotes EVER, although simple is from Hippocrates - "LET FOOD BE THY MEDICINE."
Herodotus, Aristotle, Galen, and other classical writers used the term macrobiotics to describe a lifestyle, including a simple balanced diet, that promoted health and longevity.
The greatest pioneers of the macrobiotic lifestyle were George Ohsawa and Michio Kushi. Check out the next blog which will be written very shortly about them!